Cluster Atlas of Canada
This report identifies where the major industrial clusters exist within Canada and provides indicators of their relative performance. The purpose is to provide a comprehensive overview of the economic landscape of the country and map areas of strengths and weakness in order to inform decisions concerning allocation of public resources. A well-established methodology for identifying and mapping clusters is derived from the work of Spencer et al (2010). The main data sources are the 2011 National Household Survey and a 2011 universal business establishment database acquired from Dun & Bradstreet.
230 cases of clusters identified in Canada
Ontario leads with 86, followed by British Columbia (43), Québec (39), and Alberta (30)
There is a general lack of clusters in Atlantic Canada
Oil & gas and mining have been the best performing sets of clusters between 2001 and 2011 in terms of employment growth and incomes
Service clusters such as business services, finance, ICT services, and creative & cultural industries tend to be located in the largest urban areas and are experiencing high levels of growth
More traditional manufacturing clusters such as auto manufacturing, steel, plastics & rubber have generally been struggling over the past decade
The previous two points suggest that there is a growing prosperity gap between smaller/mid-sized urban regions and the largest urban regions
Knowledge intensive manufacturing clusters such as ICT and life sciences (including pharma) have shown somewhat mixed performance
Download the report here:
Spencer, G.M. 2014. Cluster Atlas of Canada: A data profile of resource, manufacturing, and service clusters in Canadian provinces using data from the 2011 Census and National Household Survey. Industry Canada.
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